Eggplant seedlings need to use soil that is rich in trace elements and loose. Before raising seedlings, the seeds need to be germinated and then raised. This can help the seeds germinate and grow as quickly as possible, and at the same time, during the seedling-raising process, It is necessary to provide the right amount of water to the plants and keep the environment moist.
How to grow eggplant seedlings
When raising eggplant seedlings, you need to choose suitable soil. Eggplants are suitable for growing in soil with rich organic matter content and loose soil texture. Therefore, when planting eggplant seedlings, you need to use sandy loam or humus soil that is rich in nutrients and has good air permeability, and The soil needs to be refreshed before planting.
Eggplant seedlings also need to be properly treated when growing seeds. First, you need to select seeds with full grains and free from pests and diseases. Then you need to prepare a piece of cotton cloth that is easy to absorb water and sow the selected eggplant seeds on the cotton cloth. At the same time, spray water on the cotton cloth regularly and wait until the skin of the eggplant seeds bursts. Seedlings can be grown.
Carry out seedling cultivation
When raising seedlings, it is necessary to mix an appropriate amount of nutrients into the soil to increase the fertilizer content of the soil, then sow the treated eggplant seeds in the soil and bury them with an appropriate amount of fine soil. At the same time, after sowing, an appropriate amount of water needs to be poured into the soil to soak all the soil to provide a relatively humid growth environment for eggplants and allow eggplant seeds to germinate as soon as possible.
When maintaining eggplants in the later period, it is necessary to provide reasonable nutrients for the plants to increase the growth rate of the plants. During the period when the eggplants grow more vigorously, fertilizers based on nitrogen fertilizers need to be used. However, nitrogen fertilizers cannot be used alone to prevent the eggplant seedlings from becoming too long. It is best to Nitrogen fertilizers and phosphorus and potassium fertilizers can be mixed.
How to leaf and prune eggplants
Method of breaking leaves
If the eggplant has too many leaves, it will affect its ventilation and light transmittance, and the ability of old and diseased leaves to produce nutrients will be relatively weak. Therefore, during the growth of eggplant, the excess leaves need to be removed regularly. Be careful to do it in stages, and do not prune too much at one time, otherwise, it will affect the normal growth of the eggplant.
Eggplant is a double-branched crop, so when it grows, it needs to be pruned, leaving two strong main branches, and the rest are cut off. Part of the side branches above the main branches should also be cut off, to reduce the consumption of nutrients is beneficial to the growth and development of eggplant fruits.
Prune branches and leaves
When cultivating eggplants, it is necessary to prune the branches and leaves regularly. For example, some weak branches and leaves and branches with underdeveloped bases need to be cut off. Side branches that are too long should also be topped in time, but it should not be excessive during pruning, otherwise, the eggplants will It is difficult to resume growth within a period.
Things to note
When defoliating and pruning eggplants, be sure to do it on a sunny day. Generally, eggplant varieties with weak branches need less pruning. It is not advisable to prune too much in the early stages of eggplant growth. When the eggplant fruits are growing, you should also pay attention to pruning some of the growth. Prune off bad fruits, deformed fruits, and diseased fruits.
How to manage eggplant after transplanting
Eggplant is suitable for growing in a relatively humid environment, so after transplanting the eggplant, you need to provide the plant with an appropriate amount of water to keep the soil moist. When providing water to the eggplant, you need to pay attention to the watering method. It is best to irrigate the water directly. In the soil, soak all the soil.
Eggplants are inseparable from light during the growth process. Insufficient light will cause poor growth of eggplants and yellowing of leaves. Therefore, when maintaining eggplants, it is necessary to provide suitable light for the plants so that the eggplants can perform photosynthesis normally, and after light exposure When the season is strong, eggplants need to be shaded in time to allow the plants to grow healthily.
Eggplants consume a lot of nutrients during their growth, so when maintaining eggplants, you also need to provide nutrients to the plants reasonably so that the eggplants can grow more vigorously. When providing nutrients to eggplants, you need to pay attention to the amount of fertilizer. It is best to use Fertilizer diluted and provided to eggplants to allow the plants to grow better.
Disease prevention and control
When eggplants are first transplanted, they have not fully adapted to the environment and are relatively fragile. At this time, eggplants are prone to diseases. Therefore, when caring for eggplants, you need to take appropriate measures to prevent and control diseases. It is best to spray water on eggplants every three days. Spray a sterilant once to eliminate bacteria on the plants and allow eggplants to grow healthily.