Sports injuries are very common in sports. Every sports personality is prone to injuries. Sports injuries refer to the kinds of injuries that are occurred while involved in sporting activities. Mostly the musculoskeletal system will be injured. After getting injured, the ultimate and foremost thing to do is to prevent further injury. The further activity must be halted and look for the cause of the injury. It will be better to treat the injury once when the cause is known. Sports injury rehabilitation treatment must be given.
The first treatment for most acute injuries is to reduce the swelling. This may also be because of internal bleeding. This will cause immense pain in the injured area and limit the use of the muscles. Acute injuries will make the limbs unable to lift any weight and inability to move the injured part. Chronic injuries mostly result from the overuse of one area of the body over time. The symptoms are pain and soreness.
The immediate treatment after an injury includes the following steps. They are
o Rest: Rest is to stop the ongoing activity and give the tissues time to heal.
o Ice: Applying ice to the injured area to keep the muscles cool.
o Compression: This helps in reducing the swelling on the injured part. This can be done by wrapping an elastic bandage or wrapping around.
o Elevation: This is to raise the body part against the gravitational pull so as to reduce the blood flow and swelling.
Never apply heat to chronic injuries as they may increase the blood flow and never apply ice to acute injuries. Now the heat and cold therapies come into play. Ice therapy will be a lot more useful and its effects are:
o It reduces swelling
o It reduces inflammation
o It decreases the blood flow
o Produces a numb effect thus reducing pain
Cold therapy can be used till 3 days after a fresh injury. If it has no effect, then doctors have to be consulted. Ice can be applied several times per day. But it should not apply for more than 15 minutes. There should be a regular interval of time between the ice packs. And ice should never be in touch with the skin directly. Ice packs must be applied.
Some of the effects of heat therapy are:
o Increases blood flow
o It reduces the tightening of muscles
o Reduces joint stiffness
o It gives pain relief
o Gives flexibility to the surrounding tissues
Heat therapy can be applied after 4 or 5 days following a traumatic injury. This helps in faster healing and must be used with a warm towel. This should be applied for a maximum of 15 minutes. Take great care to avoid sleeping on heating pads as they may lead to injury.
Another important treatment is not to lose hope of getting injured. No sports person may like injuries that prevent them from participating. Have your dream and set goals. Do regular exercises and consult the physician. Spend time with your teammates and make your presence. Such an environment will cure you sooner than expected.
Another category that the physical therapy sports injury covers are children’s injuries. This is because children are very vulnerable to injuries and their number keeps increasing on the patient list. Children can be easily injured when they have to withstand undue pressure while they are playing with their friends. For example, they sometimes force themselves to play with their peers although they are still recovering from an illness. Inactivity among children can also cause injuries because they do not have a healthy body. If they rarely exercise, there is a higher chance that they will be injured while doing vigorous exercises. Moreover, these children are in the rapid-growth stage, so the treatment to cure the injuries are essential. This accounts for the reason why there is a specific situation for physical therapy sports injury for children.
Although women were previously looked at as inferiors, their role is becoming more significant in our society from time to time. There are more and more of them becoming national athletes and competing with men athletes. However, although they are now very active, it does not reduce the possibility of them getting injured to zero. There is a specialized physical therapy sports injury situation for women. Women have different bone and muscle structures compared to men, so the specialist must understand the structure of women very well. The injured women will also get special treatment that can cure the injuries faster.
There are diverse physical therapy sports injury situations and each one needs to be looked at carefully. Different patients will require different physical therapy and in order for the injuries to dissipate immediately, sports physical therapists in Coimbatore must look into each physical therapy sports injury situation carefully.